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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://eprint.iitd.ac.in/handle/2074/1511

Title: Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study
Authors: Gupta, B D
Sharma, Anuj K
Keywords: Sensor
Optical fiber
Surface plasmon resonance
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 107(1), 40-46
Abstract: A multi-layered surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based fiber optic absorption sensor has been studied theoretically. The sensitivity is evaluated for the p-polarized light launched in the fiber using ray approximation. Four-layers configuration is used to excite the surface plasmon wave. The first layer or the medium considered is the core of the fiber. Second and third layers are metallic (silver and gold). The fourth layer or medium is absorbing medium. The effect of the ratio of the thickness of the metallic layers (silver:gold) on the sensitivity of the sensor has been investigated. The sensitivity increases as the silver to gold thickness ratio increases. The gold should be used only to protect silver layer. In addition, the influences of various parameters like numerical aperture (NA), ratio of sensing region length to fiber core diameter, total bimetallic thickness, maximum absorption wavelength, and half maximum width of the sensing medium on the sensitivity of the sensor have been studied. It has been found that the sensitivity is better for the lower off-resonance excitation frequency. Replacing gold by self-assembled monolayers like thiol does not improve sensitivity much. Further, adding ZrO2 as the fourth layer does not improve the sensitivity of the four layers configuration.
URI: http://eprint.iitd.ac.in/dspace/handle/2074/1511
Appears in Collections:Physics

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