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|Title: ||Predictions of concentration in the pyrolysis of biomass materials—I|
|Authors: ||Srivastava, V K|
Jalan, R K
|Keywords: ||pyrolysis of biomass|
biomass energy management
|Issue Date: ||1994|
|Citation: ||Energy Conversion and Management, 35(12), 1031-1040p.|
|Abstract: ||The present work involves the prediction of the concentration profiles in the case of pyrolysis of different lignocellulosic materials in isothermal and non-isothermal conditions. The operative temperature range is from 573 to 973 K for isothermal conditions, and for non-isothermal conditions, the heating rate ranges from 5 to 80 K/min (5, 20, 40, 60 and 80 K/min).
The concentration for the above mentioned conditions is predicted for various biomass components, viz. cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. Based on the concentration profiles of different biomass materials, it is possible to predict the pyrolysis behavior over a wide range of temperatures under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions for a large number of biomass materials, provided the activation energy and the frequency factor for the various reaction steps are known. It is also possible to ascertain the degree of combustibility of different biomass materials.
The simulation model utilizes a 4th order Runge-Kutta Predictor-Corrector method to solve the coupled ordinary differential equations. Based on thermogravimetric analysis done elsewhere, it is considered that temperature and time have a linear relationship. The above technique enables us to predict concentration profiles of different biomass materials for the entire range of pyrolysis. The concentration vs time data is plotted graphically for both isothermal and non-isothermal conditions utilizing the Harvard Graphics package on a PC-A/T personal computer.|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemical Engineering|
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