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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://eprint.iitd.ac.in/handle/2074/588

Title: Differential pulse polarographic determination of trace amounts of vanadium and molybdenum in various standard alloys and environmental samples after preconcentration of their morpholine-4-carbodithioates on microcrystalline naphthalene or morpholine-4-dithiocarbamate cetyltrimethyl-ammonium bromide-naphthalene adsorbent
Authors: Puri, S
Dubey, R K
Gupta, M K
Puri, B K
Keywords: Molybdenum and vanadium determination
Differential pulse polarography
Standard alloys and environmental samples
Issue Date: 1998
Citation: Talanta, 46(4), 655–664
Abstract: A highly selective, sensitive, and fairly rapid and economical differential pulse polarographic (DPP) method has been reported for the determination of trace amounts of vanadium and molybdenum in standard alloys and various environmental samples. The morpholine-4-carbodithioates of these metals were retained (>99% recovery) quantitatively on microcrystalline naphthalene in the pH range 4.5–6.9 for vanadium and 1.5–4.5 for molybdenum. These metals were determined by DPP after desorption with 10 ml of 1 M HCl. Vanadium and molybdenum may also be preconcentrated by passing their aqueous solutions under similar conditions on morpholine-4-dithiocarbamate CTMAB-naphthalene adsorbent packed in a column at a flow rate of 1–5 ml min-1 and determined similarly. The detection limits are 0.20 ppm for vanadium and 0.04 ppm for molybdenum at minimum instrumental settings (signal to noise ratio=2). The linearity is maintained in the following concentration ranges, vanadium 0.50–10.0 and molybdenum 0.10–9.0 ppm, with a correlation factor of 0.9996 (confidence interval of 95%, slopes 0.0196 and 0.01497 uA mg-1, intercepts 3.65+10-3 and -1.92+10-3 respectively) and relative standard deviation of 1.1% in the microcrystalline method, while in the column method, the linearity is maintained in the concentration ranges, 0.50–6.5 for vanadium and 0.10–5.5 ppm for molybdenum with correlation factor of 0.9994 (with confidence interval of 95%, slopes 0.0194, 0.015 uA mg-1, intercepts 3.60+10-3 and -1.90+10-3 respectively) and relative standard deviation of 1.4%. Various parameters such as the effect of pH, reagent, naphthalene and CTMAB concentrations,volume of aqueous phase and interference of a large number of metal ions on the estimation of vanadium and molybdenum have been studied in detail to optimize the conditions for their voltammetric determination at trace level in various standard alloys and environmental samples.
URI: http://eprint.iitd.ac.in/dspace/handle/2074/588
Appears in Collections:Chemistry

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