Chopra, Sonalee; Sharma, Seema; Goel, T C; Mendiratta, R G
Thin films; Atomic force microscopy; X-ray diffraction
Thin ferroelectric films of PLTx (Pb1−xLaxTi1−x/4O3) have been prepared by a sol–gel spin coating process. As deposited films were thermally treated for crystallization and formation of perovskite structure. Characterization of these films by X-ray diffraction (XRD) have been carried out for various concentrations of La (x = 0.04, 0.08 and 0.12) on ITO coated corning glass substrates. For a better understanding of the crystallization mechanism, the investigations were carried out on films annealed at temperatures (350, 450, 550 and 650 °C). Characterization of these films by X-ray diffraction shows that the films annealed at 650 °C exhibit tetragonal phase with perovskite structure. Atomic force microscope (AFM) images are characterized by slight surface roughness with a uniform crack free, densely packed structure. Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) studies of PLTx thin films (x = 0.08) deposited on Si substrates have been carried out to get more information about the phase stabilization.