Photorefractive crystals; Two-beam coupling; Signal beam amplification; Signal to noise ratio
In signal beam amplification by two-beam coupling in BaTiO3 photorefractive crystals, beam fanning in the direction of the amplified signal reduces the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The dependence of the SNR and the signal beam gain on the crystal orientation are analysed using a HeNe laser. It is found that orientating the crystal for maximum gain gives poor signal-to-noise ratio. A compromise has to be made between the SNR and high gain for optimum signal amplification.