A naphthalene-degrading strain of corynebacteria, Corynebacterium renale, harbors multiple small plasmids designated pCR1, pCR2, pCR3, and pCR4 with sizes of 1.4, 3.2, 4.4, and 5.7 kb, respectively. Plasmid pCR1 of 1.4 kb is the smallest plasmid reported in this group of bacteria
and is present in high copy number. Attempts to clone whole pCR1 in Escherichia coli were
unsuccessful but two of its fragments (750 and 650 bp) could be separately cloned in it. The 4.4-kb plasmid, pCR3, bears considerable restriction pattern similarity to a 4.4-kb plasmid belonging to the pBL1 group of cryptic plasmid of corynebacteria but has no sequence homology, suggesting that pCR3 represents a new member of the 4.4-kb group of corynebacterial plasmids.