Amberlite XAD-2 has been functionalized by coupling it, through the -N=N- group, with Pyrocatechol Violet (PV), and the resulting resin has been characterized by elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and IR spectra. The resin has been used for preconcentrating Zn(II), Cd(II), Pb(I1) and Ni(I1) ions prior to their determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The optimum pH values for quantitative sorption are 5, 5-7, 4, and 3 for Zn, Cd, Pb and Ni, respectively. The
four metals can be desorbed (recovery ~98%) with 4 M HNO,; also, 4 M HCI is equally suitable except for Zn. The sorption capacity of the resin is 1410, 1270, 620 and 1360 ug g-’ resin for Zn, Cd, Ni and Pb, respectively. The effect of F-, Cl-,NOa-, SOd2- and Pod’- on the sorption of these four metal ions has been investigated. They are tolerable in the range O.Ol-0.20 M, for Pb. In the sorption of Zn(I1) and Ni(II), the tolerance limits of all these ions are upto 0.01 M, whereas for Cd(I1).F-, NOsmm, and POdl- have been found to be tolerable upto 0.50, 0.10 and 0.10 M, respectively. The preconcentration factors are 60, 50, 23 and 18 for Zn, Cd, Pb and Ni, respectively. Simultaneous collection and determination of the four metals are possible. Cations commonly present in drinking water do not affect the sorption of either metal ion if present at a concentration level similar to that of water. The method has been applied to determine Zn, Ni and Pb content of well-water
samples (RSD 59%).