Acoustic emission; Rolling element bearings; Defect detection; Condition monitoring
The usefulness of acoustic emission (AE) measurements for the detection of defects in roller bearings has been investigated in
the present study. Defects were simulated in the roller and inner race of the bearings by the spark erosion method. AE of bearings without defect and with defects of different sizes has been measured. For small defect sizes, ringdown counts of AE signal has been found to be a very good parameter for the detection of defects both in the inner race and roller of the bearings tested. However,the counts stopped increasing after a certain defect size. Distributions of events by ringdown counts and peak amplitudes are also found to be good indicators of bearing defect detection. With a defect on a bearing element, the distributions of events tend to be over a wider range of peak amplitudes and counts.