Bijwe, Jayashree; Rajesh, J John; Jeyakumar, A; Ghosh, A; Tewari, U S
Polyethersulphone (PES); Specific wear rate; Polymer composites; Adhesive wear; Abrasive wear; Solid lubricants; Short fibre reinforcement
Polyethersulphone (PES), is an amorphous, brittle and high temperature engineering thermoplastic. Two composites of PES containing short glass fibres (GF) and solid lubricants viz. PTFE and MoS2; and two composites containing short carbon fibre (CF)[30% and 40%] were selected for the present studies. Compositional analysis of selected materials was done with various techniques such as gravimetry, solvent extraction and thermal analysis viz. thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). These materials were studied for adhesive and abrasive wear performance by sliding against a mild steel disc and silicon carbide abrasive paper respectively, under different loads. It was observed that GF reinforcement along with incorporation
of solid lubricants (PTFE and MoS2) enhanced the wear performance of PES by an order of two. In the case of solid lubricants,PTFE proved to be more beneficial than MoS2. CF reinforcement, however, proved to be the most effective in enhancing wear performance of PES. PES reinforced with 40% CF exhibited a specific wear rate in the order of 10216m3/Nm which is considered to be very good for the thermoplastic composite. In the case of abrasive wear behaviour, however, incorporation of fibres or solid lubricants deteriorated the performance of the neat matrix. SEM was employed to investigate the wear mechanisms.